A German‐speaking territory of around 1, 000 km2 (390 sq. miles), it was part of the Austrian Netherlands until it became part of Prussia under the terms of the Congress of Vienna (1814). After World War I the prosperous area was awarded to Belgium in 1919. During 1940–5, it formed part of Nazi Germany. It was finally confirmed as Belgian territory in a German‐Belgian agreement of 1956. The region was part of the Wallonia region, which from 2001 became a federal state within Belgium. Within Wallonia, however, Eupen‐Malmédy maintained considerable autonomy with its own government.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).