(order Carnivora, suborder Feliformia)
A family of cat-like carnivores found only in Madagascar, the best-known member being Cryptodonta ferox (fossa). The euplerids are believed to have evolved from a common ancestor which entered Madagascar 24–18 Ma ago and they are the only carnivorous mammals native to Madagascar. There are two subfamilies. Euplerinae contains three species (including C. ferox) that were formerly placed in the Viverridae. Galidiinae contains five species of mongooses formerly placed in the Herpestidae.
Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.