European Union

'European Union' can also refer to...

“A New Dawn has Broken has it Not?” New Labour and the European Union

‘A New Legal Order of International Law’: On the Relationship between Public International Law and European Union Law after Kadi

Access to health care for asylum seekers in the European Union—a comparative study of country policies

Access to Justice in Environmental Matters—Does the European Union Comply with its Obligations?

Access to the Courts of the Member States for NGOs in Environmental Matters under European Union Law

The Accession of the European Union to the European Convention on Human Rights by Paul Gragl

Accession to the European Union—an opportunity and a challenge for health systems and public health

Accountability in the European Union

Accounting for Creativity in the European Union: A multi-level analysis of individual competence, labour market structure, and systems of education and training

The Active Leverage of the European Union

‘Adjudicating in the Shadow of the Informal Settlement?’: The Court of Justice of the European Union, ‘New Governance’ and Social Welfare

Administrative Law and Policy of the European Union

After Amsterdam: A Report on the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union

Aida Torres Pérez. Conflicts of Rights in the European Union. A Theory of Supranational Adjudication

Alcohol poisoning in Russia and the countries in the European part of the former Soviet Union, 1970–2002

The Allocation of Economic Policy Competences in the European Union

Anchoring the European Union to the European Social Charter: The Case for Accession

1986 and After: Competition Law, the Member States, and the European Union

Animal welfare and the treaty of Rome - legal analysis of the protocol on animal welfare and welfare standards in the European Union

Anti‐Discrimination Law and the European Union

Anti-Discrimination Law and the European Union

Anti-Discrimination Law and the European Union by Mark Bell, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2002, vii + 260 pp. ISBN 0–19–924450-2

Anti-Drugs Policies of the European Union: Transnational Decision-Making and the Politics of Expertise. By Martin Elvins (Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillan, 2003, 256pp. £45 hb)

Antitrust Class Actions in the European Union: Latest Developments and the Need for a Uniform Regime

The Arab Uprisings and the European Union: In Search of a Comprehensive Strategy


The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice and the European Union’s Constitutional Dialogue

ASHKENAZY, Vladimir (born 1937), concert pianist; conductor; Music Director, European Union Youth Orchestra, since 2000

Ashley-Cooper, Anthony (1869 - 1961), HM Lieut Co. Dorset, 1916–52; Chm. Dorset County Council, 1924–46; late Development Commissioner under the Development Fund Act 1910 (Chairman of the Commission, 1946–48); Younger Brother of Trinity House; Vice-Pres. Royal Choral Soc.; Provincial Grand Master of Dorset, 1902–52; Pres., Shaftesbury Society; late President of the English Church Union, and Member National Church Assembly; late Chairman National Advisory Council to the Ministry of Labour for Juvenile Employment in England and Wales; Bailiff of Egle and Bailiff Grand Cross in the Order of St John of Jerusalem; Brig.-General Commanding 1st South-West Mounted Brigade, 1913–16; served European War, 1914–18; retired with hon. rank of Brig.-Gen.; late Hon. Col North Irish Horse; Lord Chamberlain to the Queen, 1910–22; Commissioner of Congested Districts Board for Ireland, 1902–14; Chancellor of Queen’s Univ. of Belfast till 1923; HM Lieutenant for Co. of Antrim, 1911–16; Grand Officer Legion of Honour

Ashton, Catherine Margaret (born 1956), PC 2006; High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, since 2009, and a Vice-President, European Commission, since 2010 (Member, since 2008)


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The name since 1993 of the former European Community. The EU was formed with twelve members: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Austria, Finland, and Sweden joined in 1995. Ten more countries joined in 2004 (Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia). Bulgaria and Romania joined in 2007. Croatia, the Republic of Macedonia, and Turkey are currently official candidate countries for membership. Additionally, the western Balkan countries of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Serbia are officially recognized as potential candidates.

Subjects: social sciences.

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