The Greek name for the Black Sea, evidently a euphemism. From a Mediterranean perspective, it was cold, very deep, not very saline, and prone to storms. It carried extensive trade both between its shores and with the Mediterranean world. Most Greek settlements around the Black Sea were established during the 6th cent. bc and regarded themselves as Milesian foundations. The earliest extant treatment of the Black Sea is that of Herodotus, whose errors and misconceptions are such that it has been claimed that he never went there. See colonization, greek; miletus; trade.
Subjects: Classical Studies.