1 a Tory periodical started by Bolingbroke in Aug. 1710; Swift briefly took charge in Oct. (Nos. 14–46), and was succeeded by Mrs Manley in 1711. It engaged in controversy with Steele's Guardian and Addison's Whig Examiner. It lasted with interruptions until 1716;
2 (1808–81), a Radical weekly periodical, established by John and Leigh Hunt. Its first 20 years were of particular interest because of Leigh Hunt's support for the work of Shelley, Keats, Lamb, and Hazlitt, whose writing was often bitterly attacked by the Quarterly and Blackwood's (see also cockney school). The political section supported reform, and the Hunts were fined £500 and sentenced to two years' imprisonment for a libel on the prince of Wales.