exercise physiology

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A branch of physiology concerned with how the body adapts physiologically to the acute (short-term) stress of exercise or physical activity, and the chronic (long-term) stress of physical training. Exercise physiologists, for example, study how our bodies obtain energy from the food we eat and use the energy to initiate and sustain muscle activity. A sound knowledge of exercise physiology enables coaches and athletes to optimize the amount and type of training.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Sport and Leisure.

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