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Is a person in employment or who is seeking paid work who has criminal convictions. In England and Wales, it has been estimated that there are more than seven million ex-offenders, about 20 per cent of the working population. The majority of these have been convicted of relatively minor offences, often committed when they were young. Securing employment can be very important for ex-offenders and can significantly reduce the chance of re-offending after a spell in prison. Partly for this reason, legislation on the rehabilitation of offenders allows ex-offenders to withhold information about their criminal record from a prospective or current employer, provided certain conditions are met. Provided a conviction has been ‘spent’ (i.e. a period has elapsed since the guilty verdict) an ex-offender has the right not to reveal a conviction and is protected from dismissal or other prejudicial act. Some occupations are excluded from this law, in order to protect potentially vulnerable clients. These include doctors, nurses, midwives, dentists, barristers, solicitors, accountants, teachers, police officers, and the officers of building societies. There is also an additional, general exception that covers any employment which is concerned with service provision to those younger than 18 years. [See spent conviction.]

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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