extrinsic emptiness

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(Tib., gzhan-stong).

A theory developed in Tibet by Dolpopa Sherap Gyeltshan (Tib., Dol-po-pa shes-rab rgyal-mtshan, 1292–1361) and others based on the embryonic Buddha (tathāgata-garbha) concept expounded in the Ratna-gotra-vibhāga and other related texts which contrast with the standard Madhyamaka view of intrinsic emptiness. According to this theory, ultimate reality (paramārtha) is not empty of its own intrinsic nature (svabhāva) but is inherently endowed with all the qualities of enlightenment (bodhi) and Buddhahood, though it is empty of all aspects of delusive conventional phenomena.

Subjects: Buddhism.

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