(b Montpellier, 1 Apr. 1766; d Montpellier, 16 Mar. 1837). French painter and collector, active in Italy for most of his career. A pupil of J.-L. David, he won the Prix de Rome in 1787 and lived in Italy (mainly Florence) until 1826. He initially made his name as a history painter, then became a successful fashionable portraitist, but he is now perhaps most highly regarded for his landscapes, which are among the most impressive of the age of Neoclassicism (A View of Florence from the North Bank of the Arno, 1813, NG, Edinburgh). Fabre was also a major collector, particularly of 16th- and 17th-century Italian art and of the work of his French contemporaries. On his return to France he presented his collection to his native city of Montpellier to found the Musée Fabre, opened in 1828.
From The Oxford Dictionary of Art in Oxford Reference.