Physical damage to the structures in and around the face; for example, a fracture of a facial bone caused by impact with a squash racket. Facial injuries are very common in sport. Many are superficial and heal very quickly, but serious facial injuries often require the urgent attention of a maxillofacial surgeon because of the risk of permanent deformity. Orofacial injuries (i.e. those involving structures around the face and mouth) make up a large percentage of injuries in contact sports. Many could be avoided by wearing a gumshield.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.