A term introduced in 1939 by the French psychoanalyst René Laforgue (1894–1962) for a class of disorders characterized by behaviour that appears calculated to bring misfortunes on oneself and an inability to accept the things that one most ardently desires. This syndrome is an extension and elaboration of ideas first set forth in 1916 by Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) in an article entitled ‘Some Character-Types Met With in Psycho-Analytic Work’ (Standard Edition, XIV, pp. 311–33, at pp. 317–18). Also called failure syndrome. Compare fate neurosis.