(1831–96) Union army officer, born in Portage County, Ohio. Fairchild distinguished himself at Second Bull Run, South Mountain, and Fredericksburg (all 1862), and played a conspicuous role in the Union success at Gettysburg (1863), where he sustained a wound resulting in the loss of an arm and ending his military career. He subsequently began a political career, serving three terms as Republican governor of Wisconsin and later in diplomatic posts in England, France, and Spain. He also served as commander in chief of the Grand Army of the Republic (1886–87).
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.