Fair Deal

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Harry S. Truman (1884—1972) American Democratic statesman, 33rd President of the US 1945–53

New Deal

Republican Party


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The term used to describe the domestic programme of US President Truman in January 1949. Following his unexpected victory in the 1948 presidential election, Truman hoped to advance beyond the New Deal to introduce measures on civil rights, fair employment practices, education, public health insurance, extended social security benefits, support for low‐income housing, price and rent control, and farm subsidies. The programme also proposed guaranteed full employment and an increased minimum wage. A coalition of Republicans and conservative Southern Democrats (Dixiecrats) blocked most of the measures in Congress until financial and personal scandals involving members of the administration, the Communist takeover in China, and the outbreak of the Korean War undermined Truman's political capital. Nevertheless, he did manage to secure some advances in housing (through the 1949 Housing Act) and social security.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Politics.

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