Ballet in one act with choreography by de Mille, music by Morton Gould, sets by Oliver Smith, and costumes by Miles White. Premiered 22 Apr. 1948 by Ballet Theatre at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, with A. Alonso, D. Adams, Kriza, and Bentley. It is based on the real-life murder case of Lizzie Borden who was accused of killing her parents with an axe in 1892. It is not a historical record but explores the frustrations and loneliness of a spinster in a small American town, and her resort to violence as a means of release. Lizzie later became one of Nora Kaye's most celebrated roles. The ballet has been revived for several companies including Dance Theatre of Harlem (1983) and Birmingham Royal Ballet (1994). Frank Staff also choreographed a ballet on the same story (S. Africa, 1975).