Lucien Falize


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(b Paris, 4 Aug 1839; d Paris, 4 Sept 1897). French jeweller. He was the son of the jeweller Alexis Falize (1811-98) and received his training (1856-71) in his father's firm. His early work was influenced by East Asian art, which he saw at the International Exhibition of 1862 in London and at the Exposition Universelle of 1867 in Paris. About 1867 the firm began to produce cloisonné-enamelled jewellery in the Japanese manner, which was made in collaboration with Antoine Tard (fl c. 1860-c. 1889). It cannot be determined how much of this work was by Falize, even with marked pieces, as both jewellers used the firm mark af, with a fusee hook in a lozenge. In 1875 the symbol was changed to a cross of St Andrew. In 1878 Falize exhibited an eclectic range of work in his own name for the first time: wares included silver statues, clocks, Japanese-inspired jewellery enamelled by Tard and jewellery in the Renaissance Revival style. From 1880 to 1892 he was in partnership with Germain Bapst (1853-1921). Their mark, bf, accompanied by a ring with a pearl, was not registered until 1892 but was used during this period, sometimes as a decorative device. Falize made extensive use of historical, chiefly Renaissance, traditions and incorporated architectural and sculptural elements, as well as different enamelling techniques, into his designs. He made frequent use of calligraphy in his designs, especially his bracelets, which are compositionally formal and complex and are notable for the clarity and vividness of enamelling and contrast between colour and texture. Falize's last major work was the Hanap de la Vigne et des Métiers (1896; Paris, Mus. A. Déc.), an enamelled gold goblet in which Renaissance and more naturalistic styles were combined.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

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