Fan wang ching

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(Chin.). The Brahmajāla Sūtra or ‘Sūtra of Brahma's Net’, 1484 in the Taishō canon.translated by Kumārajīva in the early 5th century. The text describes the practices in which a Bodhisattva (in this case meaning the ordinary practitioner of the Mahāyāna path) ought to engage. The scripture is most significant for its list of ten ‘grave’ and 48 ‘light’ Bodhisattva precepts which are now normally taken as the third set of precepts by Chinese monks andnuns. Lay Buddhists in China also take a set of so-called Bodhisattva precepts, but these are derived from the Sūtra on Upāsaka Precepts, 1488 in the Taishō canon. The precepts of the Fan wang ching came to be the sole precepts taken by certain Japanese Buddhist clerics following a petition by Saichō (767–822) that his Tendai monks not be required to take the ‘Hīnayāna’ precepts.

Subjects: Buddhism.

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