Sing. fard. Obligatory ritual duties commanded by God. Generally refers to the five daily prayers, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage. Also refers to distributive shares in estates under Islamic inheritance laws as stipulated in the Quran. In Sufi orders, includes rituals specific to the order, including meditation, contemplation, movement, singing, recitation, prayer, repetition, music, and dance.
See also Fard al-Ayn; Fard al-Kifayah