(b. 6 Feb. 1908, d. 21 Nov. 1999).
Prime Minister of Italy 1954, 1958–9, 1960–3, 1982–3, 1987 A professor in economic history at the Catholic University of Milan (since 1936), Fanfani joined the Christian Democrats (DC) out of his commitment to social reform in 1945, and became a member of the Constituent Assembly in 1946. He served as Minister of Labour (1947–50), of Agriculture (1951–3), and of the Interior (1953–4). As Party Secretary of the DC (1954–9 and 1973–5), he was responsible for a considerable improvement in party organization and party membership. As Prime Minister he steered his party to the left and was responsible for the cooperation with the Socialist Parties, which formed the basis of the DC governments from 1963 to 1974. His influence within the party dwindled thereafter, so that he was unable to prevent the DC accepting the help of the Communist Party in government under Andreotti in 1976. His last two periods as Prime Minister were brief, as he was chosen because of his seniority to head a pre‐election caretaker government. He joined the Senate in 1968 and served as its president, 1976–82 and 1985–87.
Subjects: Politics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).