(c. 606—632)

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Daughter of Muhammad and Khadijah, wife of the fourth caliph, Ali ibn Abi Talib, and mother of Hasan and Husayn. Known as “Mother of the Imams,” in accordance with Shii belief that only descendants of Muhammad through Fatimah could be imams. Believed by many to have been sinless. Often portrayed as a woman of sorrow due to the rejection, disinheritance, and martyrdom of her husband and sons. Role as exemplary daughter, wife, and mother is often juxtaposed with Aisha's problematic role in politics, which led to divisions within Muslim community. Only female among Fourteen Perfect or Pure Ones in Shii tradition.

Subjects: Islam.

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