(1825–1908). Italian painter, a leading member of the Macchiaioli. Having trained in Florence under Giuseppe Bezzuoli, in the 1850s Fattori became associated with the most innovative Florentine artists of the day, in particular Nino Costa (1826–1903), whom he first met in 1859. Under Costa's influence, he began to apply paint in large spots (Italian ‘macchie’), which accentuated the chiaroscuro in the work. As well as painting landscapes, Fattori also represented key events in the Risorgimento, as in The Italian Camp during the Battle of Magenta (completed 1862) and The Battle of Custoza (completed 1880; both Florence, Pitti): Fattori had himself participated in the revolutions of 1848–9. In the 1880s he began to concentrate on graphic work, especially etchings of the melancholy Maremma landscape in southern Tuscany, and of the peasant life in the area. Although Fattori visited Paris in 1875, his later work is largely unaffected by contemporary developments in French art.
From The Oxford Companion to Western Art in Oxford Reference.