Overview

Gabriel Fauré

(1845—1924) French composer and organist


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(b Pamiers, 1845; d Paris, 1924).

Fr. composer and organist. Org., St Sauveur, Rennes, 1866–70, ass. org. St Sulpice, Paris, 1871–4; choirmaster from 1877 at the Madeleine, org. 1896–1905. Prof. of comp., Paris Cons. 1896, dir. 1905–20. Pupils incl. Ravel, N. Boulanger, Enescu, Schmitt, Koechlin, and Roger‐Ducasse. Mus. critic, Le Figaro, 1903–21. Fauré's music was slow to gain recognition outside Fr., but he is now acknowledged as one of the greatest of Fr. composers, a master of the song‐cycle, a poet of the kbd., and a profound composer of chamber mus. His delicate and elegant but by no means harmonically unadventurous style has an unsuspected strength and emotional appeal. His opera Pénélope is regarded by many as a masterpiece. His best‐known work is the Requiem, comp. and rev. between 1877 and 1899, but it did not achieve general popularity until after World War II despite the earlier advocacy of Nadia Boulanger. Prin. works:

operas:

Prométhée

, Op.82 (1900);

Pénélope

(1907–12);

Masques et Bergamasques

(divertissement) (1919).

incidental music:

Caligula

(Dumas), Op.52 (5 movts.) (1888);

Shylock

(Haraucourt after Shakespeare), Op.57 (6 movts.) (1889);

Pelléas et Mélisande

(Maeterlinck), Op.80 (1898);

Le Voile du bonheur

(Clémenceau), Op.88 (1901).

orch.:

vn. conc., Op.14 (1878–9, unfinished);

Ballade

, pf. and orch., Op.19 (1881);

Pavane Shylock Pelléas et Mélisande

(with optional ch.), Op.50 (1887); suite, , Op.57 (1889); suite, , Op.80 (4 items) (1901);

Fantaisie Masques et Bergamasques Dolly

in G major, pf., orch., Op.111 (1919); suite, , Op.112 (4 items) (1919); suite , Op.56 (orch. Rabaud, 1906).

chamber music:

sonata for pf. and vn.: No.1 in A, Op.13 (1875–6), No.2 in E minor, Op.108 (1916–17); pf. qt.: No.1 in C minor, Op.15 (1876–9), No.2 in G minor, Op.45 (1885–6); pf. quintet: No.1 in D minor, Op.89 (1890–4, 1903–5); No.2 in C minor, Op.115 (1919–21); sonata: No.1 in D minor for pf. and vc., Op.109 (1917), No.2 in G minor, Op.117 (1921); pf. trio in D minor, Op.120 (1922–3); str. qt. in E minor, Op.121 (1923–4);

Berceuse

, pf., vn., Op.16 (1878–9) (also for vn. or vc. and orch.);

Élégie

, pf., vc., Op.24 (1880) (also with orch. 1895);

Romance

, vn., pf., Op.28 (1877);

Romance

in A, vc., pf., Op.69 (1894);

Andante

, pf., vn., Op.75 (1897);

Papillon

, vc., pf., Op.77 (1884) (also for str. quintet or vn. and pf.);

Sicilienne

, vc., pf., Op.78 (1898);

Fantaisie

, fl., pf., Op.79 (1898) (orch. Aubert 1957);

Sérénade

, vc., pf., Op.98 (1908).

choral:

Cantique de Jean Racine

, Op.11 (1865);

La Naissance de Vénus

, Op.29 (1882);

O Salutaris: Maria, Mater Gratiae

, Op.47, Nos. 1 and 2 (1887);

Requiem

, Op.48, sop., bar. soloists, ch., org., orch. (1877, 1887–90, orch. 1899);

Ecce fidelis servus

, Op.54, motet (1890);

Tantum ergo

, Op.55 (1890);

Salve Regina

;

Ave Maria

, Op.67, Nos. 1 and 2 (1894–5).

songs & song‐cycles

Sylvie, Après un rêve, Hymne, Barcarolle

(v. and pf.): , Op.7, Nos.1–4 (No.2 orch. Busser 1925) (1870–8);

Nell, Le Voyageur, Automne

, Op.18, Nos.1–3 (No.3 orch. Busser 1925) (1878);

[...]

Subjects: Music.


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