Quick Reference

French family of masons. Several generations were active in Troyes in the late 15th century and much of the 16th. Colleçon Faulchot (‘de Châlons’) worked from the 1460s to the end of the century under the direction of Anthoine Colas and Jehançon Garnache (fl c. 1485; d c. 1529) on the completion of Troyes Cathedral nave, for much of the time at a daily wage of three sous and four deniers. His son, Gérard [Girard] Faulchot I (d 1540), was at first an apprentice in the cathedral workshop, but after working with Garnache on the now-demolished St André at Montier-la-Celle, he graduated to become an important master mason. Gérard's principal work was on the parish church of St Nicolas, Troyes, which was badly damaged by the great fire of 1524. Gérard devised plans for the new church and began construction (1525–6) at the east end. The boxlike exterior wall enclosing chapels and the trapezoidal east end recall the earlier St Jean, Troyes. Features of the design of St Nicolas were also borrowed from the cathedral, where work was directed by Martin Chambiges; these elements were ingeniously adapted, especially in the reduced aisles and in the decorative vaults. The unusual pilgrimage centre (with representations of Calvary, the Mount of Olives, the Holy Sepulchre and the place of Resurrection) at the west end of the church was probably part of Gérard's plan, although not constructed until the end of the 16th century. Two further members of the family, Jean Faulchot and Gérard [Girard] Faulchot II, were both active in work on Troyes Cathedral and on Troyes parish churches, including St Nicolas and St Pantaléon.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.