Percy Fawcett

(c. 1867—1930) soldier and explorer

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(1867–1925?), English military officer who explored the Mato Grosso. In 1906, the Royal Geographic Society (RGS) nominated Major Percy H. Fawcett, Royal Artillery, as technical advisor to the Bolivian government for the delineation of Bolivia's new boundary with Brazil. Fawcett's qualifications for the post were outstanding. He had recently returned from his second tour of duty in Ceylon, and he had also been entrusted with a secret intelligence mission in Morocco. He was equipped with endurance, a robust immune system, and the survival skills needed for humid, tropical environments—all this was to prove essential. Physically impressive, Fawcett was exceptionally athletic, as well as artistic, inventive, and numerate. He was the star graduate from the Royal Geographic Society's new course in boundary surveying.


From The Oxford Companion to World Exploration in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: World History.

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