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The movement in the RC Church in 18th-cent. Germany against the claims of the Papacy, especially in the temporal sphere. In 1763 J. N. von Hontheim, who had been asked by the three Archbishop-Electors to investigate their grievances against Rome, published his findings under the pen-name ‘Justinus Febronius’. The Archbishop-Electors tried unsuccessfully to assert their claims at Bad Ems in 1786.

Subjects: Christianity.

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