Federal Shariat Court

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Instituted in 1980 as part of Pakistan's Islamization scheme with appellate jurisdiction over verdicts of district courts involving Islamic laws and exclusive jurisdiction to hear petitions challenging state laws as repugnant to Islam. The court was staffed with retired judges and ulama, and its operation was modified twenty-eight times between 1980 and 1985 through twelve presidential ordinances. Between 1980 and 1987 some five hundred laws were either amended or changed by the court. After 1985 much of the court's mandate to Islamize the judiciary was taken up by the parliament and “shariat bills.”

Subjects: Islam.

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