The US government agency, now part of the Department of Homeland Security, that organizes and administers plans to cope with natural and manmade disasters involving loss of life, loss of habitat, and destruction of essential infrastructure. FEMA coordinates with local agencies, including security, law enforcement, local and regional administrative services, hospital and public health services, the media, transport, and communications. Most nations have comparable systems. Concern about terrorism in the early 21st century has led to enhanced attention to the work of this agency in the United States and similar reactions in the United Kingdom, European Union, and many other nations. See http://www.fema.gov/.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Warfare and Defence.