novelist, poet, and translator, born in Bootle, Lancashire and educated at Newnham College, Cambridge. Her novels, which include The Circle (1970), Children of the Rose (1975), and The Shadow Master (1979), show a development from the experimental towards the naturalistic. Subsequent novels include The Survivors (1982), a saga about a Jewish immigrant family in Liverpool, and Dark Inheritance (2001), a thriller. Other works include Some Unease and Angels (1977), containing poems and her notable translations of the poetry of Marina Tsvetayeva (pub. 1971); Badlands (1986, poems); and Collected Poems and Translations (2003). She has also written biographies of Tsvetayeva (1987), Pushkin (1998), Ted Hughes (2001), and Anna Akhmatova (2005).