The house cat, a domesticated version of the African wild cat Felis silvestris. Its haploid chromosome number is 19, and about 600 genes have been mapped. Of all the non-primate species for which DNA sequences are available, the cat's genome is the closest to the human. Cats and humans have about 200 disease-associated genes that are orthologs. The complete 17,009 bp sequence is known for the mtDNA of cats. See Classification, Animalia, Eutheria, Carnivora; cat for a listing of breeds, tortoiseshell cat.
Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.