German painter and graphic artist, born in Dresden, where he studied at various schools. Felixmüller's early work was in a politically orientated vein combining elements of Expressionism and Neue Sachlichkeit—it was eclectic (he toyed with Cubist and Futurist mannerisms), wild, and uneven. In 1923 the poet Carl Sternheim wrote, rather exaggeratedly, that ‘He tore the aesthetic mask…from the face of his contemporaries: in his pictures the proletarian who, until now, had been overlooked by the bourgeoisie, appeared for the first time’. From about 1930 Felixmüller's work began to lose its bite and he settled into a much more conventional naturalistic style. He spent most of his career in Berlin (where he exhibited at the Sturm Gallery and with the Novembergruppe), but in 1949–61 he taught at the University of Halle.
From A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art in Oxford Reference.