A stress fracture of the shaft of the femur, usually the upper third, characterized by a deep-seated diffuse pain in the groin and/or thigh or knee. Pain increases during exercise. It has been reported in runners, skiers, hurdlers, and basketball players. Treatment depends on the site of the stress fracture and the amount of damage done. Conservative treatment (e.g. complete rest from exercise for 3–6 months) may be sufficient, but surgery is sometimes necessary.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.