Pietro Ferabosco


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(b Laino, nr Como, ?1512; d ?Como, ?1599). Italian painter, architect and fortification designer. He entered the service of the Habsburg court in Vienna in 1544 and undertook military service for five years in Hungary. His first documented works are the painted decorations (1549–54) in several rooms of the Hofburg, Vienna, and one of the gates (1553). In 1552 he began the reconstruction of the Royal Castle in Bratislava (Slovakia), and from 1555 to 1587 he supervised the construction of fortifications in Hungary, Slovakia and Gorizia, making use of the contemporary system of bastions and ravelins. He designed the town defences of Györ, Komáro and Kinzsa, as well as working on those of Vienna. From 1554 he was sent to Prague on several occasions, once with Bonifaz Wolmut, to survey Hradčany Castle. He was probably involved in the design of the Stallburg (1559–69), built for Maximilian II as part of the Vienna Hofburg. The four-wing palace has a central courtyard framed by three storeys of identical round-headed arcades between massive pilasters. Ferabosco worked on Bučovice Castle (Moravia), for which he may have made a model to Jacopo Strada's plan. For Archduke Charles of Habsburg (reg 1564–90) he designed part of Graz Castle, probably the east wing (1570). He worked on the Hofburg once more in 1581–3, on Rudolf II's Amalienburg and on the Hlavenec and Sadská (nr Prague) hunting lodges for Rudolf II. In 1582 he designed the Königinnenkloster, Vienna.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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