Ferdinand II


'Ferdinand II' can also refer to...

Ferdinand II (1578–1637)

Ferdinand II (1578–1637)

Ferdinand II (1578–1637)

Ferdinand II (1578–1637)

Ferdinand II (1578–1637)

EHRICHT, Ferdinand II (born 1785), Miniaturist

Ferdinand II, Kaiser (1578–1637)

Ferdinand II (1578–1637)

MILLER, Ferdinand II von (1842 - 1929), Sculptor

FERDINAND II (1816 - 1881), Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, engraver

Zellbell, Ferdinand (ii) (1719 - 1780), musician, composer

Robert Bireley. Ferdinand II, Counter-Reformation Emperor, 1578–1637.

Book Review: Kurfürsten, Kaiser und Reich. Politische Führung und Friedenssicherung unter Ferdinand I. und Maximilian II

235 ELIZABETH in The Hague to EMPEROR FERDINAND II 22 April 1636

Book Review: Kurfürsten, Kaiser und Reich. Politische Führung und Friedenssicherung unter Ferdinand I. und Maximilian II

Aragon: (1) Peter IV (1319 - 1387) and Aragon: (2) Alfonso I (1396 - 1458) and Aragon: (3) Ferdinand I (1423 - 1494) and Aragon: (4) Alfonso II (died 1495) and Aragon: (5) Ferdinand II (1451 - 1516) and Aragon: (6) Isabella (1451 - 1504)

Georg Hellmesberger i (1800 - 1873), Violinist, conductor and Joseph Hellmesberger i (1828 - 1893), Violinist, conductor and Georg Hellmesberger ii (1830 - 1852), Violinist, composer and Joseph Hellmesberger ii (1855 - 1907), Violinist, conductor, composer and Ferdinand Hellmesberger (1863 - 1940), Cellist, conductor

Noël Golvers, Libraries of Western Learning for China. Circulation of Western Books between Europe and China in the Jesuit Mission (ca.1650–1750), ii: Formation of Jesuit Libraries. (Louvain: Ferdinand Verbiest Institute K.U. Leuven, 2013), 559 pp. ISBN: 9789082090901

Steven Saunders. Cross, Sword, and Lyre: Sacred Music at the Imperial Court of Ferdinand II of Habsburg (1619–1637). (Oxford Monographs on Music.) New York: Clarendon Press of Oxford University Press. 1995. Pp. xx, 358. $65.00


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Holy Roman Emperor; one of the main upholders of the Counter-Reformation. He had already done much to re-establish Catholicism in Inner Austria when he became Emperor in 1619 and set about extirpating Protestantism from all the Habsburg domains. The attempt of the Protestants of Bohemia to replace him with the Calvinist Elector Palatine Frederick III was repressed, but Ferdinand's decision to punish Frederick broadened the conflict into the Thirty Years War. After Catholic military successes his ‘Edict of Restitution’ (1629) ordered Protestants to restore appropriated ecclesiastical property in their dominions; the Protestants rebelled and under Gustavus Adolphus nearly overthrew the Emperor. See also Thirty Years War.

Subjects: Literature — Christianity.

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