Marc Ferrez


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(1843–1923), Brazilian photographer, born and resident in Rio de Janeiro. The son of a Frenchman, Ferrez spent his youth in Paris, but returned to Rio aged 16 and worked in the Leuzinger photographic studio (1860–5); he also received photographic instruction from the German engineer and botanist Franz Keller. After opening his own business in 1865, Ferrez created outstanding landscapes and marine photographs, eventually becoming official photographer to the Brazilian navy and enjoying the patronage of Emperor Pedro II. He also mastered panoramic photography, creating images over a metre (3ft) wide. In 1875 he accompanied an American scientific expedition to southern Bahia, and took the first photographs of the Botocudo Indians. Afterwards he continued to travel widely, recording slaves on coffee plantations, indigenous peoples, railway building, mining, and the general development of Brazilian society. He won a gold medal at the 1876 Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia, and many other awards thereafter. In the 1890s he became interested in cinematography, and in 1907 opened a cinema in Rio; his son Júlio Marc already headed the Brazilian branch of Pathé Frères. In 1912 Ferrez introduced the autochrome process to Brazil.

From The Oxford Companion to the Photograph in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

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