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1 (Mozart: Così fan tutte). Ten. Fiancé of Dorabella. His friend, Guglielmo, is engaged to her sister Fiordiligi. Don Alfonso bets the two men that all women are unfaithful. Ferrando and Guglielmo pretend to leave for battle, don disguises as Albanians, and are presented to the ladies as old friends of Alfonso. Gradually the women give in to the men's overtures, but each to the ‘wrong’ man, so Fiordiligi is won over by Ferrando. They agree to a double wedding and a bogus ceremony takes place, the bridegroom being named as Sempronio. Now Ferrando and Guglielmo ‘return’ from war, each to claim his own original sister! How will the couples finally pair off? Arias: Un'aura amorosa (‘A breath of love’); Ah, lo veggio (‘Ah, now I see it’). A popular role for lyric tenors, among whom have been Richard Tucker, Ernst Haefliger, Léopold Simoneau, Anton Dermota, Heddle Nash, Luigi Alva, Richard Lewis, Alfredo Kraus, George Shirley, Peter Schreier, Nicolai Gedda, Alexander Young, David Rendall, Max‐René Cosotto, John Aler, Ryland Davies, and Kurt Streit. Created (1790) by Vincenzo Calvesi.

2 (Verdi: Il trovatore). Bass. A Capt. in the army of Count di Luna. He recounts the story of the gypsy Azucena and the baby she burnt on the funeral pyre of her mother, setting in motion the confused identities at the heart of this opera. Created (1853) by Arcangelo Balderi.

Subjects: Opera.

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