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Este in Ferrara and Modena


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Lords of Ferrara

Dukes of Ferrara

Dukes of Modena

House of Austria-Este

Chiappini, L., Gli Estensi (Milan, 1967).Gundersheimer, W. L., Ferrara: the Style of a Renaissance Despotism (Princeton, 1973).

1196–1212

Azzo I (marquis of Este as Azzo VI; podestà of Ferrara 1196)

1212–1215

Aldobrandino I (son)

1215–1264

Azzo II, the Younger (brother)

1264–1293

Obizzo I (grandson; lord of Ferrara 1264; of Modena 1289)

1293–1308

Azzo III (son)

1308

Fresco (son; deposed, died 1312; Venetian, then papal rule 1308–17)

1317–1335

Rinaldo (grandson of Obizzo I)

1317–1344

Niccolò I (brother)

1317–1352

Obizzo II (brother)

1352–1361

Aldobrandino III (son)

1361–1370

Ugo (brother)

1361–1388

Niccolò II, the Lame (brother)

1388–1393

Alberto (brother)

1393–1441

Niccolò III (son)

1441–1450

Leonello (son)

1450–1471

Borso (brother; duke of Modena 1452; made duke of Ferrara by pope Paul II1471)

1471–1505

Ercole I (brother)

1505–1534

Alfonso I (son)

1534–1559

Ercole II (son)

1559–1597

Alfonso II (son)

1597–1628

Cesare (grandson of Alfonso I; union of Ferrara with the Papal States 1598)

1628–1629

Alfonso III (son; abdicated, died 1644)

1629–1658

Francis I (son)

1658–1662

Alfonso IV (son)

1662–1694

Francis II (son)

1694–1737

Rinaldo (son of Francis I)

1737–1780

Francis III (son)

1780–1796

Ercole III (son; deposed, died 1803; union with the Cispadane Republic and later regimes 1796–1814)

1814–1846

Francis IV (son of Mary Beatrice, daughter of Ercole III, and Ferdinand, son of emperor Francis I)

1846–1859

Francis V (son; deposed, died 1875; union with the kingdom of Sardinia 1860)

Subjects: History.


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