Fidaiyan-i Islam

Quick Reference

Commandos of Islam. Iranian religio-political organization founded in Tehran in 1945 by Sayyid Mujtaba Navvab Safavi. Active against the shah's regime. Financed by bazaaris and clerics. Ultimate goal was creation of a new order based on Islamic law, with clerics as judges and educators. Combined encouragement of business with a strong sense of social welfare and charity. Assassinated politicians and intellectuals in the 1940s and 1950s. Lost strength after Safavi was executed in 1956. Reemerged briefly during the Islamic revolution of 1979 but quickly disappeared, though a Tehran street carries Safavi's name and a stamp his likeness.

Subjects: Islam.

Reference entries