Also known as Fiedler's contingency model of leadership effectiveness. A theory of leadership that suggests that a particular personality disposition may be effective in one situation, but not in another. A coach leading a group of athletes, for example, is viewed as being either task-centred and autocratic, or athlete-centred and democratic. A task-centred coach is high in task motivation and believed to be more effective in both the least and most favourable conditions. Athlete-centred leaders, high in relationship motivation, are believed to be more effective in moderately favourable conditions. It is proposed that leadership effectiveness can be improved by changing either personality or situational features, with the latter being easier to control.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.