George Field was born in Berkhampstead, Hertfordshire and died at Syon Park Cottage, Isleworth, Middlesex on 28 September 1854. Educated at St Peter's School, he left Berkhampstead for London at the age of eighteen in order to secure a professional position. He set up his own business as a chemist, supplying colour to artists, and he later developed a means of applying new chemical techniques to pigments and dyes. The onset of war in Europe stopped the supply of madder, an important colouring matter, prompting him to grow it himself and experiment with the production of colour through atmospheric pressure. He was awarded a Gold Isis Medal by the Royal Society of Arts in 1816 for his invention of the ‘physeter’, a percolator designed to reduce madder to its purest consistency. He published numerous books on colour chemistry and chromatic theory.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.