field survey

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A general term used to describe the discovery, mapping, and non‐destructive investigation of archaeological remains in open country. The discovery of sites may involve walk‐over surveys and systematic sampling of various kinds using direct observations, fieldwalking, shovel pit testing, and the ground‐checking of information from aerial surveys and remote sensing. Mapping work will be done using one of a range of surveying techniques from simple sketching through to detailed measured drawings of earthworks and structures using a total station or a Global Positioning System. Non‐destructive investigations mainly draw on geophysical surveys, geochemical surveys, and detailed surface collection where sites lie under disturbed ground.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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