Painter and printmaker. Varied in subject and approach, Fiene's mildly expressionistic, stylized realism ranges from intimate figure studies and emotionally charged landscapes to precisionist-related architectural compositions. Born in Elberfeld, Germany, in 1912 he arrived in New York and was naturalized as a citizen in 1927. He began his training in 1914 at the National Academy of Design and later studied at the Art Students League, where he subsequently taught for many years. From the early 1920s he maintained a residence in Woodstock, while from 1933 until 1957 he owned a retreat in Southbury, Connecticut. During the Depression he found work with federal art projects. Besides oil paintings, murals, and book illustrations, he produced many prints, mainly lithographs such as Empire State Building (1930), which frames the soaring new building with jutting, partially abstracted forms. Fiene died in a Paris atelier, while editioning color lithographs. He was the author of Complete Guide to Oil Painting (1964). In 1945 he married painter and muralist Alicia Wiencek (1918–61). His brother, sculptor Paul Fiene (1899–1949), also arrived from Germany in 1912. Particularly known for animal sculptures, both carved and cast, he, too, worked at Woodstock.