(b. 15 Jan. 1918, d. 24 Dec. 1999).
President of Brazil 1979–85
After a career in the Brazilian army, in which he rose to the rank of general, he was one of the planners of the 1964 military coup. He was chief of National Intelligence until 1979, when he was appointed President by Geisel, whose social and populist gestures he sought to continue. Military rule was further relaxed, until in 1984 he oversaw the election of the first civilian as President in twenty‐one years (with effect from 1985).
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).