Giuliano Finelli


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Gianlorenzo Bernini (1598—1680) Italian baroque sculptor, painter, and architect


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(1601/2–53). Italian Baroque sculptor, a virtuoso marble carver, and a key figure in the development of Neapolitan Baroque sculpture. Born in Carrara, he trained in Naples, but in 1622 came to Rome where he worked with Pietro and later Gianlorenzo Bernini. He created such spectacular effects as the windswept hair of Bernini's Apollo and Daphne (Rome, Borghese Gal.). His tomb of Cardinal Giulio Antonio Sartorio (1633–4; Rome, S. John Lateran) develops the idea, created by Bernini, of showing the deceased turned in everlasting adoration towards the altar. But Bernini failed to advance him, and in 1638 he settled in Naples. Here he produced a series of thirteen bronze statues of saints (1637–48) for the chapel of the Tesoro in the cathedral; he was active as a tomb and portrait sculptor, creating, as in his Carlo Andrea Caracciolo, Marchese di Torrecuso (1643; Naples, S. Giovanni a Carbonara) highly realistic and slightly stolid images. In 1650 he returned to Rome.

From The Oxford Companion to Western Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Art.

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