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A 54-item self-report questionnaire designed to measure needs for inclusion, control, and affection in the way people behave towards others and the way they desire others to behave towards them. Developed in 1957 by the US consulting psychologist William C. (‘Will’) Schutz (1925–2002), it is the most popular of several FIRO scales, especially in industrial/organizational psychology and occupational psychology. [Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behavior]

Subjects: Psychology.

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