A term which describes the three original (aboriginal) inhabitants of Canada, Canadian Indians, Inuit, and Métis. In 1997, Canada's supreme court ruled that First Nations were entitled to compensation for the lands taken away from them by European colonists. This was followed by an official apology, in 1998, by the Canadian government for the maltreatment of First Nations in Canadian history. A compensation fund of CAN$ 350 million was created, while a number of First Nations peoples were given self‐governing autonomy in their lands.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).