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A port on the Adriatic which was claimed both by Yugoslavia and Italy. After World War I the formerly Austrian port was given to Yugoslavia, despite vociferous Italian protests. In defiance of the Treaty of St Germain, the adventurist D'Annunzio and his followers occupied the city, transformed it into a city‐state and established an authoritarian government, 1919–21. In 1924 it was acquired by Italy in an agreement with Yugoslavia, though after World War II it became part of Yugoslavia once again. As part of Croatia, it became part of an independent Croatian state in 1991.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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