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A region in the south-western part of the Low Countries, now divided between Belgium (where it forms the provinces of East and West Flanders), France, and the Netherlands. It was a powerful medieval principality and the scene of prolonged fighting during the First World War, when Allied troops held the sector of the Western Front round the town of Ypres.

Flanders Mare a nickname of Anne of Cleves (1515–57), fourth wife of Henry VIII, whom the king divorced; according to Smollett's A Complete History of England (3rd ed., 1759), ‘The King found her so different from her picture…that…he swore they had brought him a Flanders mare.’

Flanders poppy a red poppy, used as an emblem of the Allied soldiers who fell in the First World War.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

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