(1827–1915). Born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland, Fleming, who came to Canada in 1845, was Canada's foremost railway surveyor and railway construction engineer of the 19th century. One of his most important projects included the surveying, construction, and subsequent operation, as chief engineer, of the government-owned and -operated Intercolonial Railway from Quebec City to Halifax and Saint John. Extensive surveys of the best route for a proposed Canadian railway from Montreal to the Pacific Coast were probably Fleming's greatest achievement. His specific recommendations were not followed when the government signed a contract with the Canadian Pacific Railway syndicate to build the railway. Later, however, the Canadian Northern Railway built a new railway along the western route suggested by Fleming.
From The Oxford Companion to Canadian History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: History of the Americas.