Malcolm Flemyng was born in Scotland and died in Lincoln on 7 March 1764. He studied under Alexander Monro primus in Edinburgh and under Boerhaave at Leiden, and was a correspondent of Albrecht von Haller. He practised medicine first in Scotland then at Hull and, briefly, in London. In 1752 he settled in Brigg, Lincolnshire. From 1740 he published a number of books on physiology and medicine. In the 1745 edition of his Neuropathia (1740), he included some comments on Berkeley's proposal, in Siris, for the medicinal use of tar-water. One of Flemyng's physiological works, The Nature of the Nervous Fluid; or, Animal Spirits Demonstrated (1751), is relevant to the interest in action and how we are able to move our limbs (voluntary muscular motion). Another book published in the same year challenges Locke's suggestion about thinking matter.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.