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An Italian goddess of flowering or blossoming plants, mainly cereals. The antiquity of her cult in Rome is proved by the existence of a flamen Florālis (see flamines). Flora had an old temple on the Quirinal, but, shortly after the foundation of the Floralia in 240 bc, and on the advice of the Sibylline books, she was given a second temple in 238 close to the Circus Maximus. Her Games (lūdī Flōrālēs) were celebrated annually from 173. They included indecent farces (see mime, Roman).

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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