German dance company originating from the theatrical training school founded by the city of Essen in 1927. Jooss was the school's director of dance, and was joined there by F. Leeder and others, who together formed a company (Folkwang Tanztheater-Studio) in 1928. In 1929 this was amalgamated into the Essen opera house and under the name Folkwang-Tanzbühne presented many ballets by Jooss, notably The Green Table (1932). Under threat of Nazi persecution the company (now called Ballets Jooss) moved to Dartington in the UK in 1933. Jooss returned to Essen in 1949 and the Folkwang Tanztheater was revived for several tours until 1951. During the 1960s it became active again as the Folkwang Ballet, and between 1968 and 1973 was directed by Bausch. She was succeeded by Susanne Linke and Reinhild Hoffmann who ran the organization under its new title Folkwang Tanzstudio between 1975 and 1977; however Bausch resumed her connection in 1983 and from 1999 it was co–directed by her and Henrietta Horn, the latter choreographing much of its repertory.
http://www.folkwang-tanzstudio.de Website for the Folkwang Ballett Essen company and school